Skip to main content

Just North of Horsetooth on Shields St. in Fort Collins, CO

Clearly, Our Focus Is On You!

Menu
Colorado-pic
Home » Your Eye Health » Eye Diseases » Diabetes and Eyesight » Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

Causes of Diabetic Retinopathy

What are the causes of diabetic retinopathy and long-term diabetes? Changes in blood-sugar levels is the main culprit. People suffering from diabetes generally develop diabetic retinopathy after at least ten years of having the disease. Once you are diagnosed with diabetes, it is essential to have an eye exam once a year or more.

In the early stage of diabetic retinopathy, called background or non-proliferative retinopathy, high blood sugar in the retina damages blood vessels, which bleed or leak fluid. This leaking or bleeding causes swelling in the retina, which forms deposits.

In the later stage of diabetic retinopathy, called proliferative retinopathy, new blood vessels begin to grow on the retinal. These new blood vessels may break, causing bleeding into the vitreous, which is the clear gelatinous matter that fills the inside of the eye. This breakage can cause serious vision difficulties. This form of diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness, and is therefore the more serious form of the disease.

It is not hard to greatly reduce your risk of diabetic retinopathy by following some simple steps and being aware of your overall health. The most important factor you can control is maintaining your blood sugar at a healthy level. Eating a healthy diet will help greatly in controlling blood sugar levels. A regular exercise regimen is also a great help. Finally, make sure to listen to your doctor’s instructions.

Protecting our Patients from Coronavirus

To our valued patients: We value the health and safety of our patients and staff above all else. To that end, we are following the CDC guidelines regarding the COVID-19 pandemic. We have made the difficult decision to significantly reduce our office hours and services to urgent/emergent eye care only effective immediately and until further notice. The limited office hours will be Monday through Friday 9 am to Noon. Thank you for your understanding. We will continue to monitor the situation and will update patients as the situation develops. Please call regarding contact lens and glasses needs, and we will do what we can to accommodate your situation. 970-490-2020

x

PLEASE NOTE: Please visit this page for updated information on the coronavirus situation.